Governor-General of the Philippines

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Governor-General of the Philippines was the title of the chief political executive during two pre-independence phases in the history of the Philippines, under Spanish and U.S. rule.

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Spanish Colonial Government (1571-1764)

The Royal Governor-General of the Philippines ruled the Spanish colony that is today the Republic of the Philippines. This territory was also called the Captaincy General of the Philippines and thus the governor also held the title of captain general, a military rank conferred by the Spanish Cortes. The men that held this position governed the Philippines and the rest of the Spanish East Indies from 1565 to 1821, on behalf of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.

Picture Name From Until
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi Conquistadores.jpg Miguel Lopez de Legazpi June 24, 1571 August 20, 1572
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Guido de Lavezaris August 20, 1572 August 25, 1575
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Francisco de Sande August 25, 1575 April 1580
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Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñaloza April 1580 March 10, 1583
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Diego Ronquillo March 10, 1583 May 16, 1584
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Santiago de Vera May 16, 1584 May 1590
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Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas May 1590 October 25, 1593
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Pedro de Rojas October 1593 December 3, 1593
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Luis Pérez Dasmariñas December 3, 1593 July 14, 1596
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Francisco de Tello de Guzmán July 14, 1596 May 1602
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Pedro Bravo de Acuña May 1602 June 24, 1606
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Cristobal Tellez de Almanza
(Audiencia Real)
June 24, 1606 June 15, 1608
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Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco June 15, 1608 April 1609
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Juan de Silva April 1609 April 19, 1616
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Andres Alcaraz
(Audiencia Real)
April 19, 1616 June 18, 1618
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Alonso Fajardo y Tenza June 18, 1618 July 1624
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Jeronimo de Silva
(Audiencia Real)
July 1624 June 1625
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Fernándo de Silva June 1625 June 29, 1626
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Juan Niño de Tabora June 29, 1626 July 22, 1632
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Lorenzo de Olaza
(Audiencia Real)
July 22, 1632 1633
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Juan Cerezo de Salamanca 1633 June 25, 1635
File:Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera.jpg Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera June 25, 1635 August 11, 1644
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Diego Fajardo August 11, 1644 July 25, 1653
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Sabiniano Manrique de Lara July 25, 1653 September 8, 1663
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Diego de Salcedo September 8, 1663 September 28, 1668
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Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz September 28, 1668 September 24, 1669
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Manuel de León September 24, 1669 April 11, 1677
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Francisco Coloma
(Audiencia Real)
April 11, 1677 September 21, 1677
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Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla
(Audiencia Real)
September 21, 1677 September 28, 1678
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Juan de Vargas y Hurtado September 28, 1678 August 24, 1684
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Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola August 24, 1684 April 1689
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Alonso de Avila Fuertes
(Audiencia Real)
April 1689 July 1690
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Fausto Cruzat y Gongora July 1690 December 8, 1701
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Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri December 8, 1701 August 25, 1709
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Martín de Urzua y Arismendi August 25, 1709 February 4, 1715
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Jose Torralba
(Audiencia Real)
February 4, 1715 August 9, 1717
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Fernándo Manuel de Bustillo Bustamente y Rueda August 9, 1717 October 11, 1719
Coa Vatican.png Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta
(Archdiocese of Manila)
October 11, 1719 August 6, 1721
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Toribio José Cosio y Campo August 6, 1721 August 14, 1729
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Fernándo Valdés y Tamon August 14, 1729 July 1739
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Gaspar de la Torre July 1739 September 21, 1745
Coa Vatican.png Archbishop Juan Arrechederra
(Archdiocese of Manila)
September 21, 1745 July 20, 1750
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Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis July 20, 1750 July 1754
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Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban July 1754 May 31, 1761
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Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta June 1759 July 1761

British Occupation of Manila (Seven Years' War, 1762-1764)

Picture Name From Until
Coa Vatican.png Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra
(Archdiocese of Manila)
July 1761 October 6, 1762
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Simón de Anda y Salazar
(Provisional Government in Bacolor, Pampanga)
October 6, 1762 February 10, 1764
80px British Occupation of Manila October 6, 1762 November 2, 1762
80px Lt. Gen. Dawson Drake November 2, 1762 May 31, 1764

Spanish Colonial Government (1764-1899)

Picture Name From Until
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Francisco Javíer de la Torre February 10, 1764 July 6, 1765
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José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez July 6, 1765 July 1770
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Simón de Anda y Salazar July 1770 October 30, 1776
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Pedro de Sarrio (Soriano) October 30, 1776 July 1778
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José Basco y Vargas July 1778 November 22, 1787
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Pedro de Sarrio (Soriano) November 22, 1787 July 1, 1788
File:Félix Berenguer de Marquina.jpg Félix Berenguer de Marquina July 1, 1788 September 1, 1793
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Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León September 1, 1793 August 7, 1806
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Mariano Fernández de Folgueras August 7, 1806 March 4, 1810
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Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar March 4, 1810 September 4, 1813
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José Gardoqui Jaraveitia September 4, 1813 December 9, 1816
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Mariano Fernández de Folgueras December 9, 1816 October 30, 1822
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Juan Antonio Martínez October 30, 1822 October 15, 1825
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Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca October 15, 1825 December 23, 1830
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Pascual Enrile y Alcedo December 23, 1830 March 1, 1835
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Gabriel de Torres March 1, 1835 April 23, 1835

The Tejeros Convention (1897)

The Biyak-na- Bato Government (1897-1898)

The Dictatorial Government (1898)

The Revolutionary Government (1898-1899)

The First Philippine Republic (1899-1901)

The American Military Government (1898-1901)

Picture Name From Until
Wesley Merritt.jpg Wesley Merritt August 14, 1898 August 28, 1898
ESOtis.jpg Elwell S. Otis August 28, 1898 May 5, 1900
Arthur MacArthur Jr.jpg Arthur MacArthur, Jr. May 25, 1900 July 4, 1901

The American Civil Government (1901-1935)

From 1901 to 1935, the Philippines were governed by the United States of America. The Governor-General was appointed by the President of the United States and approved by the Senate. Unlike the Governors General of the British Dominions, the American Governors General exercised active executive authority over the nation they were appointed to administer, more like Governors of British colonies.

List of the U.S. Civil Governors (1901-1906) and U.S. Governor-Generals (1906-1935)

Template:Lists of US Governors

See also

Sources and references

Original Source

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